John examines the crucifixion: The cross of Christ, the death of the King
This message emphasises the things Matthew has written. Why did Jesus have to die on the cross? It was an unjust trial, a cruel execution, a predicted drama (even in the smallest details), a great victory and glorious salvation.
The ‘legal process’
The mocking of the King
The surrounding events where God indicates the significance of what is happening
Surely this was the son of God
Securing the tomb
(Powerpoint notes: Mt27)
Jesus was criticised by the authorities for no obeying the rules or follow the traditions of the elders but they broke 22 of their own rules.
If you are determined to do something, it doesn’t matter what waring signs you get because you do it anyway. Warning signs come ups but you just filter them out.
The 22 broken rules were warning signs to the leaders but they didn’t want to listen.
1. No arrest was to be influenced by a bribe (Ex 23:8) [Judas].
2. No criminal proceedings should be carried out after sunset.
3. The judges (or Sanhedrin members) were not allowed to participate in an arrest.
4. There were to be no trials before the morning sacrifice.
5. All trials had to be in public. There were to be no secret trials [Jesus reminds them ‘I spoke nothing in secret]
6. Sanhedrin trials could only be performed in the Hall of Judgement in the temple compound.
7. The proper procedure was that the defence would be first, and then the accusation (opposite to our legal system).
8. All may argue in favour of acquittal, but not all may argue in favour of conviction (the accused had to have at least one defender).
9. There had to be two or three witnesses whose testimony had to agree in every detail (Deut 19:15).
10. There was to be no allowance for the accused to testify against himself [Caiaphas charges Jesus under oath to do this].
11. The high priest was not to tear his garments (Lev 21:10).
12. Charges could not originate with the judges [The judges accuse him of blasphemy].
13. The accusation of blasphemy was only valid if the name of God was pronounced [Jesus did not use Gods name, forcing them to also break this rule].
14. A person could not be condemned on the basis of his own words. There had to be two witnesses [Matt 26:65 “Why do we need any more witnesses”].
15. The verdict could not be announced at night, only in the day time.
16. In cases of capital punishment the trial and guilty verdict could not occur at the same time. They must be separated by 24 hours.
17. Voting for the death penalty had to be done by individual count, beginning with the youngest.
18. A unanimous decision for guilt shows innocence as it is impossible for 23-71 men to agree without plotting [They all condemned him to be worthy of death].
19. The sentence could only be pronounced three days after the guilty verdict.
19. Judges were to be humane and kind [spat, blindfold, beat].
21. A person condemned to death was not to be scourged or beaten beforehand.
22. No trial was allowed on the eve of the Sabbath or on a feast day.
If God gives you a warning sign, stop. Don’t do it.
Mocking of the King.
Matthew emphasises the mocking unwittingly fulfils the prophecies of the old testament. Ps 22. They hurl insults. Pierce my hands.
They fulfilled the very words spoken 1000 years before.
Christ is silent. He does not respond. Is 53:7
King fulfils what was predicated.
Outrage…Syrian nerve gas while victims were sleeping. Everyone is waiting for death. What sort of emotion does this horror provoke. Saturated with bad news, how does it make you feel? Angry.
From noon until 3, why have you forsaken me. Deserted, left behind. He became sin for us. Sin is serious. We forget how serious sin is. It is so common place. Through the whole bible narrative the only way to cover sin is with a blood sacrifice. At the cross Jesus took the price of sin upon himself. So that we might die to sin and live for righteousness.
Jesus took the full legal price of sin.
Another warning. A divine book written by the hand of God.
No punishment in Israel where you pierced someones hands and feet when Ps 22:16 was written by David.
Nature acknowledged what was going on even if the people didn’t. The curtain tearing announced a new way open for those who want to come to God. Anyone can walk in to the holy of holies if they are covered by the blood of Christ.
Consequences of the Cross
Sin is defeated
Death is defeated
Satan is defeated
Jesus is our advocate
The price of our sin has been paid.
We can be forgiven
We preach Christ crucified